What are the most common procedures in Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery?
Joint arthroscopy is a very common procedure for a T&O Surgeon; it is a procedure which is performed in order to further investigate joint problems. Joint arthroscopy involves a thin telescope with a light – or arthroscope – being inserted into the joint through a small incision; the surgeon then searches for signs of arthritis or damage. Small surgical procedures can also be performed during a joint arthroscopy to repair any damage, such as removing torn ligaments, floating cartilage, and tissue that is causing inflammation and pain.
Bone fracture repair is another very common procedure. Fracture repair could include using metal screws, rods, pins and plates to hold a broken bone in place. The methods and techniques vary depending on the location, type and severity of the fracture, but all bone fracture repair aims to stabilise the break so that the bone may heal correctly.
Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that replaces the entire joint, which is typically performed on patients whose joints have been damaged by either osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Arthroplasty is most common in the hip and the knee joints.
Repairing damaged muscles and tendons makes up a large proportion of the work of the T&O Surgeon, which could be thanks to injury/trauma or to progressive deterioration of the tissue.
Finally, a T&O Surgeon will perform many corrective surgeries, such as kneecap realignment. These surgeries aim to correct issues of anatomical alignment, which, if left untreated, will limit movement and cause further problems for the patient in the future.